Gemstones Guide: The Emerald Stone

Emeralds are said to have been first discovered in Egypt some 4,000 years ago. Since then, emerald is considered being among the most prized gemstones across the world – from Inca temples in Latin America to the palaces of the Mughals in India. The stones range in color from bright green with yellowish undertones to a vibrant green with bluish undertones.

The word emerald comes from the Greek word smaragdos, meaning green. Members of the beryl family of minerals contain chromium which gives the precious stone its green color. Colombian emeralds are one of the most famous and sought after ones.

  • Color

    The highest quality emerald stones are characterized by their medium tone, very bright green hue, and saturated color. An emerald stone should be neither too dark nor too pale and display an even color throughout the gemstone. Traditionally emerald green should be the perfect balance of blue and yellow – a pure green hue.

  • Clarity

    Clear emeralds with no inclusions are extremely rare. Inclusions are expected and acceptable. In fact they give each emerald stone its unique character. High-quality emeralds should have a good amount of translucency and not be completely opaque.

  • Cut

    Emerald is sensitive and fragile stone, which makes it a difficult stone to cut. The octagonal emerald cut is the most prized cut allowing the emerald stone to display all its beauty while also reducing the risk of damage to the stone. Nevertheless, emerald stone comes in all kinds of cuts, including, pear, cushion, and oval. Unfacetted cabochons are also popular. A well cut emerald stone will hide inclusions and color variations. In addition, the cut of an emerald stone should not allow its cracks and inclusions to penetrate deep into the gem, since these may weaken the gemstone enough to break if it were subjected to a blow.

  • Carat

    Emeralds of fine quality above 2 carats are the most sought after in the market. Emerald stone in sizes above 10 carats of vivid green color and good clarity are very rare and command premium prices.

  • Enhancements

    The majority of emeralds are subjected to clarity enhancements, most of which are widely accepted in the fine jewelry industry. We believe in full disclosure of any treatment that a stone has undergone.

emerald stone-emerald necklace and ring
Shop our Emeralds

Caram has always committed to creating gemstones and fine jewelry with high quality. With expert craftsmanship, excellent vivid green color, and nice clarity, our emerald gemstones are covetable in different shapes.